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2 edition of Surface modification of lead sulfide nanocrystals with poly(acrylic acid) through a ligand exchange process. found in the catalog.

Surface modification of lead sulfide nanocrystals with poly(acrylic acid) through a ligand exchange process.

Wanjuan Lin

Surface modification of lead sulfide nanocrystals with poly(acrylic acid) through a ligand exchange process.

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Published .
Written in English


About the Edition

Lead sulfide (PbS) QDs absorb and emit light in the near-infrared region, making them potentially useful for telecommunication and biotechnological application. The PbS QDs with the highest photoluminescence quantum efficiency (PLQE) are normally prepared by an organometallic route. QDs as prepared are capped with oleic acid (OA) on their surface and not soluble in polar solvents. The challenge to transfer the QDs into polar solvents is overcome by a ligand exchange process after synthesis.My work shows that poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) can substitute the OA on the surface of the PbS QDs and transfer the QDs into polar solvents like methanol and water. PAA was synthesized by RAFT polymerization. The ligand exchange process was studied by various techniques including solubility tests, transmission electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering, and absorption and emission spectroscopy. I also explored the effects of pH on the absorption and emission of QDs in water.

The Physical Object
Pagination71 leaves.
Number of Pages71
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21219100M
ISBN 109780494274392

Journal of Physics and Chemistry C (Published on Web) 03/12/ /jpb, " Shape controlled Synthesis of Poly (styrene sulfonate) and Poly (vinyl pyrolidone) Capped Lead Sulfide nanocubes, bars and Threads" Mandeep Singh Bakshi, Gurinder Kaur, Fred Possmayer and Nils Petersen. PDF. Strengthening of poly-crystalline (ceramic) Nd: Size shift of XPS lines observed from PbS nanocrystals. Surface and Interface Analysis. Two-and three-dimensional composite photonic crystals of macroporous silicon and lead sulfide semiconductor nanostructures. One-Step Preparation and Characterization of Zinc Phosphate Nanocrystals with Modified Surface 83 Figure 2. XRD pattern of zinc phosphate nanocrystals. which can reduce agglomeration and decrease the dia- meter of product. In the drying process, the triton x can prevent the possible integrality of crystal from overFile Size: KB.   Unexpected water explains surface chemistry of nanocrystals (Nanowerk News) Danylo Zherebetskyy and his colleagues at the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) found unexpected traces of water in semiconducting water as a source of small ions for the surface of colloidal lead sulfide (PbS) .

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Surface modification of lead sulfide nanocrystals with poly(acrylic acid) through a ligand exchange process. by Wanjuan Lin Download PDF EPUB FB2

Surface passivation of lead sulfide nanocrystals with low electron affinity metals: photoluminescence and photovoltaic performance. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics18 (17), Cited by: We have examined the effect of polymer molecular weight on the surface passivation and quantum yields of the NCs.

As additional evidence for the binding of the polymer to the surface of the NC, we were able to modify the polymer chemically to render the NC−polymer moiety by: Hydrophobic lead sulfide quantum dots (PbS/OA) synthesized in the presence of oleic acid were transferred from nonpolar organic solvents to polar solvents Cited by: The electronic properties of colloidal quantum dots (QDs) are critically dependent on both QD size and surface chemistry.

Modification of quantum confinement provides control of the QD bandgap, while ligand-induced surface dipoles present a hitherto underutilized means of control over the absolute energy levels of QDs within electronic devices. Here, we show that the energy levels of lead Cited by:   The applied methodology for surface modification of the cellulose nanocrystals provided nanofillers with more appropriate surface characteristics that allow the dispersion in polymeric matrices and the adhesion at filler-matrix interface to be by: Grafting the AZBs on the nanocrystal surface leads to a light-tunable surface dipole, which shifts the nanocrystal bands and lead to a tunable carrier density.

We apply this method to p-type HgTe. In this study, surface modification of titanium oxide nanocrystals has been considered. PEG was employed to make bio-conjugated TiO 2 nanopowders (TNPs). On the basis of the modification process, the effect of PEG on the size and morphology of prepared samples has been by:   Here Choi et al.

employ a cascade surface modification approach to solve the problem and obtain record high efficiency of % for bulk homojunction solar Cited by: 1. After surface modification by oleic acid the particles maintained their original cubic shape with a good monodispersity.

The particle size is very uniform with the average size of about nm. The average particle size of the pristine Fe 3 O 4 MNPs was about nm which was larger than the oleic acid modified Fe 3 O 4 by: ScientiaIranicaF()19(3),– SharifUniversityofTechnology Scientia Iranica TransactionsF:Nanotechnology Surface modification of cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) is very important to explore new applications for these CNC.

In this study, a cationic surfactant, hexadecyltrimethylammonium (HDTMA) bromide, was used to modify the surface of CNC. Chemical and structural characterizations of CNC were conducted before and after by: Solution‐Processable Near‐IR Photodetectors Based on Electron Transfer from PbS Nanocrystals to Fullerene Derivatives Temperature dependent behaviour of lead sulfide quantum dot solar cells and films, Energy Jan C.

Hummelen, Wolfgang Heiss and Maria A. Loi, Surface modification of semiconductor nanocrystals by a. Surfactant free nanocrystals (NCs) of lead sulfide (PbS) prepared using Continuous Spray Pyrolysis (CoSP) technique had been dispersed in poly (3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and used in hybrid polymer solar cells (HSCs) to study the role of surfactant free NCs in these by: 8.

The modification of NaYF4:Yb,Er(Tm) nanoparticles synthesized in the presence of an ionic surfactant is critical to their application in biological fields for better solubility and biocompatibility.

In this work, NaYF4:Yb,Er(Tm) was transformed from insoluble, inactive to hydrophilic, biocompatible via ligand exchange modification with polyacrylic acid (PAA).Cited by: 2.

develop an environmentally friendly procedure for the surface modification of cellulose nanocrystals, CNC, using quaternary ammonium salts via adsorption. In order to obtain higher surface charge density on CNC, a new route is developed for preparation of CNC with carboxylic acid groups.

Quanternary ammonium cations bearing alkyl, phenyl. Facile colloidal technique was used to synthesize PbS nanocrystals. Surface functionalization and size control of the prepared lead sulfide nanocrystals was achieved by PVA. In order to evaluate the novelty of optical properties of the prepared sample, absorption, photoluminescence and time resolved photoluminescence studies was carried by: Scanning tunneling spectroscopy is used to visualize the manifold of electronic states in annealed ligand-free lead sulfide nanocrystals supported on the Au() surface.

Delocalized quantum-confined states and localized sub-bandgap states are identified, for the first time, via spatial mapping. our approach to photovoltaic applications is demonstrated for composites based on poly(3-hexylthiophene) and lead sulfide nanocrystals, considered as inadequate until this report, which enable the fabrication of hybrid solar cells displaying a power conversion efficiency that reaches 3 %.

The role of surface ligands in tuning the optoelectronic properties, controlling the stability and determining the performance in applications of colloidal nanocrystals is discussed in this by: Surface Passivation of Lead Sulfide Nanocrystals with Low Electron Affinity Metals: Photoluminescence and Photovoltaic Performance.

Study of surfactant-free lead sulfide nanocrystals-P3HT hybrid polymer solar cells Article in Organic Electronics 22 July with Reads How we measure 'reads'. The synthesis of lead sulfide nanocrystals within a solution processable sulfur ‘inverse vulcanization’ polymer thin film matrix was achieved from the in situ thermal decomposition of lead(II) n-octylxanthate, [Pb(S 2 COOct) 2].The growth of nanocrystals within polymer thin films from single-source precursors offers a faster route to networks of nanocrystals within polymers when compared Cited by: Highly Luminescent Lead Sulfide Nanocrystals in Organic Solvents and Water through Ligand Exchange with Poly(acrylic acid) The lack of dependence of our data on surface modification is.

Facile colloidal technique was used to synthesize PbS nanocrystals. Surface functionalization and size control of the prepared lead sulfide nanocrystals was achieved by PVA. In order to evaluate the novelty of optical properties of the prepared sample, absorption, photoluminescence and time resolved photoluminescence studies was carried out.

In order to improve the dispersibility of cellulose nanocrystal (CNC) particles, three different grafted reactions of acetylation, hydroxyethylation and hydroxypropylation were introduced to modify the CNC surface. The main advantages of these methods were the simple and easily controlled reaction conditions, and the dispersibility of the resulting products was distinctly by: Luminescent PbS nanocrystals have been synthesized by the colloidal method.

PVA has been employed to modify the surface of prepared PbS nanocrystals and improve their optical properties. Optical and morphological characteristics of lead sulfide nanocrystals have been studied by high resolution electron microscopy and by: Zhu M-Q, Chang E, Sun J, et al.

Surface modification and functionalization of semiconductor quantum dots through reactive coating of silanes in toluene. J Mater Chem. ; –5. Zimmer JP, Kim S-W, Ohnishi S, et al. Size series of small indium arsenide-zinc selenide core-shell nanocrystals and their application to in vivo by:   We report in this paper the growth of PbS shells over colloidal PbSe nanocrystal quantum dots (NQDs) with monolayer-precision.

The technique of successive ion layer adsorption and. Interfacial dynamic surface traps of lead sulfide (PbS) nanocrystals: test-platform for interfacial charge carrier traps at the organic/inorganic functional interface Boles M A, Ling D, Hyeon T and Talapin D V The surface science of nanocrystals Nat.

Mater. 15 – Crossref Google Scholar. Cohn Sensfuß S and Doll T Quantum dots synthesized by plasma are usually in the form of powder, for which surface modification may be carried out. This can lead to excellent dispersion of quantum dots in either organic solvents or water (i.

e., colloidal quantum dots). Fabrication. Self-assembled quantum dots are typically between 5 and 50 nm in size. Quantum dots (QDs) are nanometer-sized semiconductor particles with tunable fluorescent optical property that can be adjusted by their chemical composition, size, or shape.

In the past 10 years, they have been demonstrated as a powerful fluorescence tool for biological and biomedical applications, such as diagnostics, biosensing and biolabeling.

QDs with high fluorescence quantum yield and Cited by: Jothirmayanantham Pichaandi, Keith A. Abel, Noah J.

Johnson and Frank C. van Veggel, Long-Term Colloidal Stability and Photoluminescence Retention of Lead-Based Quantum Dots in Saline Buffers and Biological Media through Surface Modification, Chemistry of.

Iodide atomic surface passivation of lead chalcogenides has spawned a race in efficiency of quantum dot (QD)-based optoelectronic devices. Further development of QD applications requires a deeper understanding of the passivation mechanisms. In the first part of the current study, we compare optics and electrophysical properties of lead sulfide (PbS) QDs with iodine ligands, obtained from Author: Ivan D.

Skurlov, Iurii G. Korzhenevskii, Anastasiia S. Mudrak, Aliaksei Dubavik, Sergei A. Cherevkov. A method of improving performance of a photovoltaic device can include modifying a surface energy level of a nanocrystal through ligand exchange.

A photovoltaic device can include a layer that includes a nanocrystal with a surface energy modified through ligand by: 5. A photovoltaic device can include a layer that includes a nanocrystal with a surface energy modified through ligand exchange.

EPA1 - Energy level modification of nanocrystals through ligand exchange - Google PatentsCited by: 5. Here, we propose a strategy to enhance the p-type conductivity of PbS CQD solids by modifying the lead-to-sulfur ratio using a fully solution-based and low-temperature method. A two-step ligand exchange based on the different affinity of sulfide and iodide to the surface of the Pb chalcogenides is used to control the surface by:   Ceramic nanocrystals (NCs) are of general interest because of their possible applications in catalysis, gas sensing, LED’s, nanocomposites, etc.

However after synthesis, the formed NCs need to be properly processed in order for them to be used in applications. Hence the preliminary importance to gain knowledge over the surface chemistry of the NCs. "The Growth and Modification of Materials via Ion-Surface Processing", L. Hanley and S.B.

Sinnott, Surf. Sci. () (special volume on surface science in the new millenium). "A Combined Computational and Experimental Study of Ion Beam Modification of Carbon Nanotube Bundles", B. Ni, R. Andrews, D. Jacques, D. Qian, M. Wijesundara. PDF Shape controlled Synthesis of Poly (styrene sulfonate) and Poly (vinyl pyrolidone) Capped Lead Sulfide nanocubes, bars and Threads, Mandeep Singh Bakshi, Gurinder Kaur, Fred Possmayer and Nils Petersen.

Canadian Light Source users Workshop, Saskatchwan, J Se L-edge XANES spectra of amorphous Se-Te systems. Cadmium‐based chalcogenide QDs. Cadmium sulfide (CdS) is often the nanoparticle semiconductor of first choice because of the ease of its fabrication: there is no high‐temperature, anaerobic chemistry involved and no molten solvents (Yang and Paul, ).Instead, CdS QD fabrication employs a reverse micelle aqueous solution in which the micelle's size dictates the size of the nanoparticle Cited by:.

Chunxiao Qiu, Youhong Xing, Wenming Yang, Zhiping Zhou, Yingchun Wang, Hong Liu and Wanzhen Xu, Surface molecular imprinting on hybrid SiO2-coated CdTe nanocrystals for selective optosensing of bisphenol A and its optimal design, Applied Surface Science.

The water as a source of small ions for the surface of colloidal lead sulfide (PbS) nanoparticles allowed the team to explain just how the surface of .Session 2J Undergraduate Research Symposium Online Proceedings.

Session 2J. Surfaces, Interfaces, and Solar Cells; PM to PM; Mary Gates Hall